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EN500/600 series frequency inverter for hoist application
The Windlass is driven by an electric motor, made up of elastic coupling, closed gear reduction box, and toothed coupling drive drum, adopts electromagnetic brake. It can save lots of manpower, material and risk cost which improve production efficiency.

1.Overview for hoist



The hoist is also known as the winch, which can lift vertically, drag heavy objects horizontally or tilted, winding wire ropes or chains through a reel, and lifting or pulling heavy weight lifting equipment. The hoist is divided into three types: manual hoist, electric hoist and hydraulic hoist. Now the electric hoist is widely used, can be used alone, and also as a component of lifting, road building and mine hoisting machinery. The hoister has the advantages of high versatility, compact structure, small size, light weight, heavy lifting and convenient transfer. It is mainly used for material lifting or leveling of building materials, water conservancy projects, forestry, mines, wharves, etc.



The hoist saves a lot of manpower, material and risk costs, and improves the production efficiency. It is driven by motor, through elastic coupling, closed gear reducer, inlaid couplet drive reel, and adopt electromagnetic brake.



2The shortage of traditional hoist control



The working requirements of the hoist are: slow starting speed, large torque, smooth acceleration, stable and accurate stopping. The conventional control adopts a winding rotor asynchronous motor, which controls the resistance by the collector ring and the carbon brush in the rotor loop, and controls the number of the accessed resistance by the contactor, but there are the following shortcomings:



1. The speed regulation is hopping, the gear reducer, the sky wheel, the middle wheel, the hopper and the guide rail are affected by the impact force during the acceleration and deceleration operation, the equipment is easily damaged and the wire rope is easy to fatigue, which leads to the large maintenance and the increase of the maintenance cost.


2. The speed adjustment range is small, stopping has higher inertia, difficult to debug and prone to offside and drop.


3. High energy consumption, most of the energy consumed on the resistor during the work .


4. Low speed mechanical characteristics are soft, the lower the speed, the softer the mechanical characteristics, the greater the energy proportion consumed in the resistance.



3.Application scheme of EN500/EN600 series used for hoist



1.EN500/EN600 Product Description:



The EN500/EN600 series high performance magnetic flow vector inverter adopt the advanced vector control algorithm to decompose the stator current into the torque current component and the excitation current component according to the coordinate transformation, so as to achieve accurate torque control, which has the advantages of good low frequency torque characteristics, fast dynamic response and high control precision.


Annotated: 55 kilowatts and below select EN600 series, more than 55 kilowatts select EN500 series.


The closed-loop 0HZ output keeps 180% torque, guarantees the motor torque during suspension starting and low-speed operation, and the speed regulation deviation is less than (+0.1%) synchronous speed.


When the hoist is downward, the frequency inverter releases energy by converting the potential energy of the object at high position into electrical energy, which needs external brake unit and brake resistance to release energy.



2. The implementation of the hoist scheme



(1) Short circuit winding motor rotor winding, cancel the original series resistance speed regulation plan, or use ordinary three-phase asynchronous motor.


(2) Choose the appropriate incremental encoder to be installed in the rear part of the motor.


(3) The brake system is supplied independently and controlled by frequency inverter.


(4) frequency inverter selection should enlarge one or two level according to actual needs.


(5) EN500/EN600 output terminals are directly introduced into the motor inlet terminals.


(6) External braking unit and braking resistor are used for energy consumption braking.


The scheme can make good use of the original control system without changing the operating habits of the operators. 

 


卷扬机-图1.jpg


Figure 1 Wiring diagram for comprehensive control of hoist




3.EN500/600 parameters setting  


Step 1: Self tuning parameter setting of closed loop vector


Function code

Setting value

Explanation

F00.00

2

Select senior list mode

F00.19

3

Incremental PG card

F00.24

2

Speed sensor vector control

F15.O1

Set according to motor spec

Motor rated power

F15.02

Set according to motor spec

Motor rated voltage

F15.03

Set according to motor spec

Motor rated current

F15.04

Set according to motor spec

Motor rated frequency

F15.05

Set according to motor spec

Motor rated rotational speed

F15.06

Set according to motor spec

Number of motor pole pairs

F15.19

2

Motor parameter self tuning


Step 2: Encoder parameter setting

 

F16.01

0 100000

Encoder line number

F16.02

00

Direction of encoder

F16.03

1.00

Frequency division coefficient

F16.04

5 100

Encoder filter coefficient


Step 3: Application function parameter setting


F01.00

1

AI1 analog setting

F01.15

1

Terminal run command control

F01.17

20

Acceleration time 2S

F01.18

20

Deceleration time 2S

F02.22

1

Energy consumption braking

F08.18

1

Forward running

F08.19

2

Reverse running



4.EN500/EN600 and traditional control compare:

 

No

Item

Traditional series resistance control

EN500/EN600 scheme control

1

Acc.and dec

Overspeed and overwinding are easily caused by changes in load.

It does not change with the load and improves production efficiency

2

Mechanical shock

Large mechanical impact during crawling

Smooth operation without mechanical impact

3

Power grid Impact

The startup has great impact on the grid, and the starting current is 3~5 times the rated current.

The output current at startup is about 1.2 times the rated current.

4

Low speed crawling

Low speed crawling is mainly controlled by brake control and is unstable

Low speed crawling stability can operate smoothly at low speed at 0.1M/S.

5

System energy saving

Energy dissipation, the power dissipation on the resistance is great

Energy saving is obvious, usually over 20% ~ 40%

6

Brake shoe wear

The braking is frequent and badly worn.

The dust is large

The brake wear is less, the dust is reduced, and the duty environment is good


4.EN500/600 series used for hoist

 

1. EN500-4T6300G used for a mine hoist in Northeast China


卷扬机-图2.jpg 卷扬机-图3.jpg

卷扬机-图4.jpg 卷扬机-图5.jpg

 

2.EN500-4T2800G/P used for hoist in a smelting company in North China


卷扬机-图6.jpg卷扬机-图7.jpg



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